Front-End Development is the most straightforward path to what some would refer to as the IT proper. You are actually working with programming code using languages and frameworks. Contrary to the industry stereotype, Front-End Developers have their share of challenges at work as well.
As a Front-End developer, you are the person shaping how the website is rendered on your user’s screen. Backend developers set up the infrastructure, the copywriter works their text magic, the designer comes up with stunning visuals—but you are the one bringing them to life. This is where the name comes from: you are ultimately responsible for what is in front of the user.
These days, HyperText Markup Language is simply the initial part of a project that you want to get over with. Like I’ve mentioned, you use tags to communicate the very basics of how a website should look. <b></b> is used for bold text, <h2></h2> denotes a level 2 heading (commonly separating article sections), <img></img> helps you embed a photo of a borscht.
The key thing to understand is although HTML can and will give your website structure, it won’t make this structure particularly perceivable. The <ul></ul> lists look atrocious without properties defining indent, spacing, and list markers. A dropdown menu with nothing but <optgroup></optgroup>... Let’s not talk about that here.
This is not the type of color scheme, fonts, or layout that your company will be able to sell nice things. They will probably not even understand that the things you are selling are nice. This is where CSS comes into play.
Now, this where things get pretty (and challenging!). CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) allows you to prettify things that you outlined with HTML and add some unique stuff as well. In this decade, Websites without any CSS hardly see the light of day. Good thing mad enthusiasts like Design Lance put the effort to illustrate why.
CSS also allows you to add animations. They serve aesthetic purposes but also cover your friends in the backend development. Loading is less frustrating when Front-End Developer (and the creative!) spend the effort to make it fun!
As for challenges, CSS has the word Cascading for a reason. You would want the website to render appropriately relative to the size of a device (or a tab) that the website is displayed on. There are two key approaches to that, responsive and adaptive design. Responsive design is about elements created and coded to be potentially shrunk and expanded again. Adaptive websites present one of the predefined layouts depending on the screen estate. UX people explain it better.